It is not uncommon for the relationship between the trustee and beneficiaries of a trust to go wrong.  This article provides an introduction to the legal rights and responsibilities of trustees and beneficiaries so you know where you stand in the trust relationship.

Trustee duties

The trustee of a trust has the following duties:

  • to familiarise itself with the terms of the trust – especially beneficiaries and trust property;
  • to act honestly, reasonably and in good faith;
  • to preserve and not waste the value of the trust assets;
  • to accumulate or pay income as directed by the trust instrument;
  • to advance or distribute capital as directed by the trust instrument;
  • to act with care and diligence at all times;
  • to avoid all conflicts of interest;
  • to maintain proper accounts.

What if a trustee fails in their duties?

A trustee may be liable for any breach of its duties.  A trustee’s liability will depend on the nature of the breach and terms of the trust deed.

Trustee rights and powers

In order to comply with its duties a trustee has a number of rights and powers, including:

  • such powers as set out in the trust deed;
  • to sell trust property;
  • to apply to the court for directions on how to act in particular trust matters;
  • to discharge liabilities and debts using trust funds;
  • to be indemnified out of the assets of the trust and seek reimbursement for expenses incurred in managing the trust property.

Responsibilities of Beneficiaries

Generally, beneficiaries do not have any responsibilities (other than to declare any income received from the trust in their tax return).  However, each beneficiary in his or her own interest should have an understanding of:

  • the purpose of the trust
  • the instructions to the trustee in the trust deed;
  • any limitations on the trustees powers;
  • rights under legislation and the trust deed;
  • how trust assets are supposed to be managed;
  • the basics of trust accounting;
  • the overall principles of trustee administration.

Rights of Beneficiaries

A beneficiary of a discretionary trust cannot compel the trustee to give them any of the trust property.  However, beneficiaries have the right to:

  • due administration of the trust;
  • seek information relating to the management of the trust;
  • request, but not require, the trustee ti exercise its discretion to make distributions to them;
  • take the trustee to court if they deal with the property in a way which is not in accordance with the terms of the relevant trust deed.


The relationship between trustees and beneficiaries is complex.  Trustees and beneficiaries should familiarise themselves with their rights and obligations.  If you find yourself in a trust dispute you should consider speaking to a specialist trust lawyer at LegalVision.

COVID-19 Business Survey
LegalVision is conducting a survey on the impact of COVID-19 for businesses across Australia. The survey takes 2 minutes to complete and all responses are anonymous. We would appreciate your input. Take the survey now.

About LegalVision: LegalVision is a tech-driven, full-service commercial law firm that uses technology to deliver a faster, better quality and more cost-effective client experience.

The majority of our clients are LVConnect members. By becoming a member, you can stay ahead of legal issues while staying on top of costs. For just $199 per month, membership unlocks unlimited lawyer consultations, faster turnaround times, free legal templates and members-only discounts.

Learn more about LVConnect

Lachlan McKnight
Need Legal Help? Get a Free Fixed-Fee Quote

If you would like to receive a free fixed-fee quote or get in touch with our team, fill out the form below.

  • By submitting this form, you agree to receive emails from LegalVision and can unsubscribe at any time. See our full Privacy Policy.
  • This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.
Our Awards
  • 2019 Top 25 Startups - LinkedIn 2019 Top 25 Startups - LinkedIn
  • 2019 NewLaw Firm of the Year - Australian Law Awards 2019 NewLaw Firm of the Year - Australian Law Awards
  • 2020 Fastest Growing Law Firm - Financial Times APAC 500 2020 Fastest Growing Law Firm - Financial Times APAC 500
  • 2020 AFR Fast 100 List - Australian Financial Review 2020 AFR Fast 100 List - Australian Financial Review
  • 2020 Law Firm of the Year Finalist - Australasian Law Awards 2020 Law Firm of the Year Finalist - Australasian Law Awards
  • Most Innovative Law Firm - 2019 Australasian Lawyer 2019 Most Innovative Firm - Australasian Lawyer
Privacy Policy Snapshot

We collect and store information about you. Let us explain why we do this.

What information do you collect?

We collect a range of data about you, including your contact details, legal issues and data on how you use our website.

How do you collect information?

We collect information over the phone, by email and through our website.

What do you do with this information?

We store and use your information to deliver you better legal services. This mostly involves communicating with you, marketing to you and occasionally sharing your information with our partners.

How do I contact you?

You can always see what data you’ve stored with us.

Questions, comments or complaints? Reach out on 1300 544 755 or email us at

View Privacy Policy