As a company director, there are a few different ways that you can receive an income or payment for your services. In this article, we look at how a company director can be paid through a salary, directors’ fees or dividends.
1. Directors’ Salary
If the company also employs you in a role other than a director, it can pay you a salary like any other employee. It is also required to pay you the superannuation guarantee that is currently at the rate of 9.5%.
2. Directors’ Fees
Directors’ fees are effectively compensation for your services performed as a company director. As a director, you could be entitled to receive directors’ fees instead of a salary if:
- you are not also an employee of the company; and
- you satisfy certain procedural requirements.
Your company’s constitution must also include a provision allowing the company to pay you via directors’ fees, which can include:
- travelling costs;
- costs associated with attending meetings; and
- other expenses incurred in the position of a company director.
Alternatively, shareholders can approve this under Rule 202A of the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth).
Even though a director may not be classified as a company employee, directors’ fees are subject to superannuation and are calculated using ordinary time earnings (OTE). This includes what directors earn as part of services provided for their ordinary hours of work as set out in the relevant agreement they have with the company (e.g. the company constitution or a shareholders agreement). Directors’ fees are also subject to payroll tax much like a salary.
Companies need to ensure that they meet all of the procedural requirements when remunerating directors. A director of a company acting as a trustee for a trust will not have any entitlement to remuneration unless the company passes a resolution in a general meeting authorising this (Kelly v Commissioner of Taxation (No 2)  FCA 689). In Kelly v Commissioner of Taxation, the company trustee had deducted superannuation contributions for its directors when the directors were not employees of the company. The court held that the directors were not entitled to these deductions because they had not met the regulatory requirements and did not fall within the scope of the term of ‘employee’ in section 12 of the Superannuation Guarantee (Administration) Act 1992 (Cth).
3. Payment Through Dividends
Dividends, or distributions, are paid to shareholders by the company using the profits the company has generated in a certain period. Directors are entitled to receive dividends if they hold shares that allow this. If a director is paid in dividends, the company does not have to pay the superannuation guarantee as dividends are not included in the calculations of OTE. There are, however, taxation consequences for a director and the company if the director is paid in dividends.
The company will need to pay tax on any profits made, and the director will receive a franking or imputation credit for tax the company paid when issuing the director with a dividend. If your personal tax total is less than the amount of the company’s tax total, the Australian Tax Office will refund you the difference. It is important to get tax advice from your accountant before receiving any dividends.
Directors are commonly renumerated through directors’ fees and payment through dividends. They will only receive a salary if they perform a role other than the company director.
If you need advice about receiving payment for your services as a company director, call LegalVision’s business lawyers on 1300 544 755 or fill out the form on this page.
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